ADDRESSING THE ETHICS AND MONITORING THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN ENHANCEMENT THROUGH GENETIC ENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
Genetic engineering is a multistage process consisting of manipulation, modification and recombination of an organism´s genes using biotechnology. It all started in 1970s, aiming to produce organism with improved characteristics by utilising the genetic modification of plants and animals. This process used to be extremely expensive and complicated at the beginnings, but intense progress in biotechnologies made it more affordable and popular. Nowadays, there are crop plants resistant to lower temperatures, herbicides, and insect attack, as well as tomatoes with a longer shelf life, all due to genetic engineering.
However, genetic engineering is controversial theme when it comes to the question of allowing the alternation of genetic structure of human beings. Numerous deadly diseases and genetic mutations that human suffer from could be defeated and tackled by genetic engineering. Biotechnologies would help cure diseases and illnesses in unborn children, such as Down´s syndrome. But there are many ethic objections, when considering religious, social and even scientific point of view.
The pressure from certain groups which are strictly against genetic engineering caused that many people are scared of this technology. There are strong concerns about altering traits such as intelligence and beauty, and therefore creating designer babies. But, is this concern sufficiently founded to merit a prohibition on future modification work which would subsequently provide curing of variety types of diseases?
Genetic engineering is pushing society to re-evaluate ethical boundaries, as well as many significant academic and policy discussions are held concerning this issue. The aim of our committee is to determine the attitude towards the genetic engineering and biotechnology. We should ensure monitoring the development of human enhancement through this technology keeping in mind it might be misused in the future.